Head-on collisions occur when the front of two vehicles hit one another. They are typically one of the most dangerous types of traffic accidents. Head-on collisions are so dangerous because of their sudden nature and involuntary movement of stopping forward so quickly. The danger is behind the science. If two cars, relatively similar in shape and size, are both driving at 60 mph, the instant in which they collide is equivalent to crashing into a wall at 60 mph. The massive force of each car is transmitted into the other, rather than into a stagnant object. This amount of force is dangerous with vehicles of similar stature, and even more dangerous when involving a large vehicle like a truck and a small automobile.
Causes of Head-on Collisions
Head-on collisions occur for numerous reasons. The majority of head-on collisions occur on 2 lane roads when a vehicle improperly passes other cars, but can also occur due to the following:
- A vehicle may be going the wrong way on a road
- Driver fatigue
- Speeding, usually around a curve
- Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs
- Engaging in distracting activities such as texting or using a GPS navigation device
- Disregarding lanes
Who is at Fault in a Head-on Collision?
Like in most cases, the vehicle who broke the law is at fault for the head-on collision. Deciphering who the responsible party determines extensive investigation pertaining to explicit details of the accident. Injury, violation of law, negligence, witnesses, and comments said by parties involved after the crash are all factors that affect the overall outcome of the case.